Management of hypertension through dietary interventions - MedPGR

Management of hypertension through dietary interventions

Management of hypertension through dietary interventions

Introduction

Hypertension, often known as high blood pressure, is an abnormally high level of circulatory pressure. Your pulse fluctuates throughout the day as a result of your activities. Having circulatory strain estimations that are consistently higher than normal may require a hypertension diagnosis (or hypertension) (CDC, 2021). Hypertension is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke, as well as coronary artery disease, cardiovascular collapse, and aneurysms. Pulse monitoring is critical for maintaining health and reducing the risk of these dangerous situations.2

There are the following symptoms of hypertension. We can also say Hypertension a “Silent Killer”. Early morning migraines, nosebleeds, erratic heart rhythms, visual disturbances, and buzzing in the ears are some of the adverse effects that might occur. Extreme hypertension can produce fatigue, nausea, heaving, disorganization, stress, chest pain, and muscular tremors. 3

Hypertension may be divided into two types.

Hypertension that is essential (Primary)

For the most part, there is no obvious cause for hypertension in adults. This type of hypertension, referred to as essential (basic) hypertension, will often worsen with time.

Hypertension that develops as a result of something else, (Secondary)

 An underlying ailment can produce high blood pressure in certain persons. Secondary hypertension is a kind of high blood pressure that appears abruptly and causes greater blood pressure than initial hypertension. Secondary hypertension can be caused by a variety of illnesses and drugs, including:

  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a kind of obstructive ap
  • Kidney failure
  • Adrenal organ enlargements
  • Thyroid problems
  • Certain abnormalities (inborn) in veins are present when you are born.
  • Certain medications, such as anti-conception tablets, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers, and a few doctor-prescribed medications
  • Cocaine and amphetamines, for example, are illegal drugs. 4
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Prevalence

There are 972 million individuals (26 percent of the world’s population) who suffer from hypertension, and this number is anticipated to rise to 29 percent by 2025.5

Subgroup analysis revealed that urban dwellers had a greater prevalence of 26.61 percent (21.80 percent, 31.42 percent) than rural dwellers who had a prevalence of 21.03 percent (10.18 percent , 31.87 percent ).6

References:

  1. . High blood pressure symptoms and causes. Available from https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/about.htm#. Accessed on May 18, 2021.
  2. Felman,A. 2021. Everything you need to know about hypertension (high blood pressure). Available from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150109. Accessed on November 23, 2021.
  3. WHO. 2021. Hypertension. Available from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/hypertension. Accessed on August 25, 2021.
  4. Mayo clinic. 2021. High blood pressure (hypertension). Available from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/symptoms-causes/syc-20373410. Accessed on July 01, 2021.
  5. PM Kearney, Whelton M, Reynolds K, Muntner P, Whelton PK, He J. Global burden of hypertension: Analysis of Worldwide data from https://www.medscape.com/answers/241381-7614/what-is-the-global-prevalence-of-hypertension-high-blood-pressure Lancet. 2005 (9455):217-23.

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