Throughout pregnancy, a woman’s body consumes a lot of additional energy and essential substances. Therefore, she needs to eat well in order to provide herself and the child with the necessary trace elements and vitamins.
In the early stages of pregnancy (the first half of pregnancy), nutrition is not much different from usual. But at this time it is necessary to monitor its diversity.
Nutrition should contain a sufficient amount of proteins, carbohydrates, minerals, fats. Sometimes you can eat something salty or spicy – such a desire often appears in the early stages. Normal diet (daily) in early pregnancy 2500 kcal.
One of the essential substances during pregnancy is iron , the need for it during this period increases. A sufficient amount of iron is the key to a normal level of hemoglobin, which carries oxygen to the tissues. If a pregnant woman develops anemia, then the fetus will experience oxygen starvation (hypoxia).
Iron is also involved in the destruction of microbes, ensures normal muscle contraction. Iron, which is easily absorbed, is found in red meat, fish, and egg yolk.
Protein is essential for proper growth and development of the fetus . The main sources of protein are meat, seeds, nuts.
Fats serve as a source of energy. In the diet, it is necessary to combine vegetable and animal fats. In addition, they are involved in the formation of prostaglandins – substances that affect the cardiovascular and digestive systems.
The nutrition of a pregnant woman should be rich in calcium . It is necessary so that the expectant mother does not lose bone mass during pregnancy, since a large amount of calcium will be used to build the skeleton of the fetus. The main sources of calcium are milk, almonds, seeds.
Complex carbohydrates – potatoes, beans, oatmeal. If there are not enough carbohydrates, proteins begin to be used to replenish energy. Accordingly, a smaller number of them enters the fetus, development may worsen.