Proteins are complex nitrogenous compounds that are composed of Carbon, Nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen, they have high molecular weight. They are also part of our daily diet. Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins.
What are Amino acids?
They are the building blocks of proteins. There are some types of proteins that are determined by the sequence of the amino acids. Amino acids are composed of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen. Bonds between the amino acids are called peptide bonds.
What is the structure of amino acids?
Proteins are composed of the three main groups that are given below.
Amine group (-NH2)
Carboxylic group (-COOH)
Basic R group (-R)
What are the types of amino acids?
There are two types of amino acids that are given below.
Essential amino acids
Non Essential amino acids
Essential Amino acids:
Those amino acids that the body can not produce and must be taken from the daily diet are called essential amino acids. They are required for proper growth and development. There are 10 essential amino acids that are given below.
Those amino acids that are produced by the body within the body and that may not cause diseases if they are not taken for a short time are called non-essential amino acids. A list of non-essential amino acids is given below.
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I am a Nutrition and Diet consultant at Nishtar Hospital Multan registered in 2019. Expert in Human Nutrition and Dietetics. Now providing consultant Nutritionist and Dietician on Upwork. I design weight loss diet plans, weight gain diet plans, diabetes diet plans, celiac disease diet plans, disease management diet plans, and nutritional recommendations, and author many research articles.