What are the symptoms of pcos in females – PCOS

the symptoms of pcos

During polycystic ovary syndrome, many changes are shown that are the symptoms of PCOS. In this article, I will share all the symptoms of PCOS.

According to statistics, 6-10% of women of childbearing age suffer from it. It is the most common cause of ovulation disorders and female infertility. The disease is accompanied by characteristic changes in the ovaries, which are detected by ultrasound.

The Symptoms of PCOS in females

  • Excessive hair growth on the face, abdomen, thighs, chest, lower back, acne, oily skin, and hair loss problem.
  • Irregular menstrual cycle, amenorrhea, uterine bleeding.
  • Rare ovulation or their complete absence, as a result – infertility.

PCOS is usually accompanied by weight gain, accumulation of subcutaneous fat, most often in the abdomen, increased anxiety, depression, snoring, sleep apnea and other sleep disorders, fatty liver disease, type 2 diabetes, and various metabolic disorders.

The disease can have different manifestations depending on the age of the patient and other factors, which complicates the diagnosis. If you notice alarming symptoms, do not delay visiting a gynecologist or endocrinologist. You will be assigned examinations, and hormonal tests, which will make it possible to examine the state of the endocrine system and make a correct diagnosis regarding the presence of PCOS or other diseases of the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, and adrenal glands.

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Polycystic ovary syndrome always causes complications, different for each age. At a younger age, cosmetic and reproductive problems predominate. In the older category of patients, these are diseases of the cardiovascular system, type 2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, diseases of various organs, and an increased risk of endometrial cancer. To make a correct diagnosis, you need a comprehensive analysis of the general condition of the patient, and consultations with a dermatologist, cardiologist,  gynecologist, endocrinologist, and other specialists.

Many studies have been devoted to the study of polycystic ovaries, but the reason for its development has not been fully elucidated. Among the factors contributing to its development, is called genetic.

Non-pregnancy and primary infertility is the main symptom of polycystic ovaries. Also, in all women suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome, menstrual irregularities are observed – irregularity or long (up to six months) delays in menstruation. Half of the women with PCOS had a sharp – 10-15 kg – weight gain. In general, the vast majority of patients with PCOS have increased body weight, while excess fat is deposited mainly on the abdomen (“central” type of obesity). Often, polycystic ovaries are accompanied in women by an increased content of androgens in the blood, which affects appearance. A woman may develop hirsutism (excessive hair growth), and acne may appear on her face, back, and chest. Sometimes PCOS is accompanied by pulling pains in the lower abdomen, however, they are rather weak, so many patients simply ignore them.

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